Bruxism is the involuntary movement of our lower jaw causing an excessing teeth grinding or jaw clenching. Bruxism can be described as an oral parafunctional activity and it is excessively destructive to our teeth.


Bruxism symptoms include hypersensitive teeth, aching jaw muscles, headaches, tooth wear or teeth loss, and damage to dental restorations such as crowns and fillings.


The strength of our own muscles puts an extra effort on the supportive tissues of the teeth, eliminates dental tissue and damages the temporomandibular joints (ATM) beyond its limits. This can develop to the TMJ Syndrome, which causes pain and severe functional impotence.


Observem una molt bona salut de mucosa i geniva i una pèrdua greu de material dental que enfosqueix la salut oral. Socialment, la imatge és molt dolenta i ella sola ja és motiu de rehabilitació

Upper dental arch. Very healthy gums but severe dental material loss that drives to a bad oral health. Aesthetically, the condition of this mouth is already a reason for an oral rehabilitation.

Les dents inferior son més petites que les superiors i veiem el grau de destrucció que és tan avançat que ja pot donar sensibilitat d'alguna dent perquè la polpa dental ja és superficial.

Lower dental arch. Lower jaw teeth are smaller than the upper jaw ones. In this image we can see a high degree of destruction, which can cause sensitivity to some tooth due to dental pulp exposure.

Veiem que l'esmalt dental ha desaparegut de les superficies tallants, aflorant la dentina que és un teixit tou i inervat i que pot donar el quadre típic de dents empetitides i sensibles.

Upper Dental Arch. The patient does not have teeth enamel at their cutting teeth surfaces anymore. Dentine, the soft, innervated tissue, is exposed, which causes hypersensitivity and a not aesthetic look.



The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint that allows the movements of the jaw, and its most common pathology is the TMJ Syndrome or Dysfunction.


This joint is located just in front of each ear. In fact, it is a triple joint: the two bone-bone joints (temporal bone – jaw bone) and the teeth joint, which is very complex itself. It is one of the most delicate joints of the human body.

TMJ Syndrome causes


  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Jaw injuries
  • Connective tissue pathologies
  • Long-term bruxism
TMJ Syndrome symptoms


  • Pain in one or both joints
  • Pain in the jaw
  • Constant weird “clicks”
  • Pain in the ears
  • Inability to open and close jaw normally


It is very important to be conscious that bruxism can be daily or nightly. During the daytime, bruxism occurs in specific moments of tension, when driving, in a working meeting, etc., but it is always a short-term bruxism because we are awake, conscious and we tend to move to different levels of concentration.

Dona jove dormint i bruxant abocada a un son de mala qualitat gens reparador



Firstly, we are not distracted by anything and bruxism takes time longer.


Secondly, brain mechanisms that prevent the masticatory muscle from exerting its total strength are deactivated and bruxism tighten much stronger than during the day.

El descans nocturn és l'expressió d'un son de bona qualitat



The excellence of our specialists, of the dental prosthetic laboratories we work with and the technology advances allow us to treat severe cases of bruxism and to rehabilitate both functionally and aesthetically our patients mouths.


Our main goal, however, is to not reach those levels of destruction but to prematurely intercept the pathology and to limit its evolution with splints such as Michigan splints or Gerber splints.



Splints include various groups of removable intraoral appliances made of hard acrylic resin and other materials which are used in those situations in which the patient may be sawing or bruising, especially at night.


This splint has a muscle relaxation effect that lasts for a few months. After this initial period of time, the muscles are re-tightened and, at this point, the splint is used as the material that suffers the consequences of the bruxism and it strength instead of the patients’ teeth.

Fèrula de descàrrega que evitarà que les dents freguin entre si i esdevinguin malaltes