The dental prosthesis aims to replace the tooth and tooth loss with maximum functionality and aesthetics. There are three ways to rest your teeth:
- With removable devices, that is, to put and remove.
- With crowns and bridges over natural, fixed teeth.
- With crowns and bridges over implants, also fixed.
1. REMOVABLE DENTAL PROSTESIS
This type of prosthesis may be partial, when they are retained in remaining natural teeth, or complete, when only retained by the gap reached between the gum and the teeth.
Nowadays implantology allows us, apart from the natural teeth that the patient can maintain, to add a very important retention bonus, especially in those cases in which we have lost a lot of bone and we cannot do a rehabilitation with only implants: in mouths with only two or more implants, they can stabilize a denture, preventing the movements of the teeth from marinating the gum and turning the chewing into a supposition.
We can also obtain a lot of extra stability with the use of the teeth left to the patient in the mouth as retainers, even if they are only two, especially if they are the eyebrows.
However, complete dentures without retainers are used in cases in which an implant treatment may require some months of ripening of the gum, in higher dentures where the patient retains a large amount of bone, which will give a lot of retention or in patients in Those who do not want to put implants for medical reasons.
For more information, see the complete prosthesis article on this same website CLICK HERE
Partial dentures also have their place and, although is not the best option, allow the patient to chew more forcefully than he would do without the teeth. They are economical and allow to modify and add more teeth in case the patient needs new extractions in the future.
In addition, they can be made with hidden retainers making invisible any metal part.
For more information, see the partial prosthesis article on this same website CLICK HERE
2. DENTAL PROSTESIS OF CROWNS AND BRICKS ON NATURAL TEETH.
Today we do our best to avoid it by not having to lower our natural teeth to make the crowns and bridges: we prefer to place implants. But, as explained in the article that talks about implants on this website, there are cases that implants cannot be implanted: in this case, we must resort to prostheses on natural teeth.
This is a treatment that has a very long tradition in our profession with the advantage that the evolution of the ceramic materials in recent years allows us to do, as in the case of the prosthesis on implants, authentic works of art perfectly singularized for that particular case. The case of ceramic lamellae is prodigious: with a thickness of a few tenths of an extreme endurance and aesthetics!
3. DENTAL PROSTESIS ON IMPLANTS.
This is the protectable treatment par excellence of our days and has two but important advantages:
Firstly, it allows to put prosthetic teeth on the bear without breaking the neighboring pieces.
Secondly, it allows to multiply the retention of a denture a lot if we do not have any pieces in the mouth.
Implants have changed our day to day and allow dentists, along with other novelties in materials such as obstruction resins, ceramics or digital radiology, a real golden age of dental practice.
But the implants are also accompanied by a kind of black legend that was created when dealing with industrial and commercial implantology. Like all surgical interventions, they want a protocol that must be complied with scrupulously, separating previously from the minds of professionals the idea that success is tied to the number of implants placed: many times, success is, specially, do not put it!
For more information, see the implantology article on this same website CLICK HERE